Empowering Small Businesses: A Complete Guide to get Loans for Small Business

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Small businesses play a pivotal role in driving economic growth in India. However, limited access to capital often hampers their progress and stifles their potential. Fortunately, loans for small business have become increasingly accessible, providing a much-needed financial boost. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the different types of loans available for small businesses in India, their benefits, the eligibility criteria, and the steps to secure financing successfully.

Understanding Small Business Loans in India:

Loans for small business in India are tailored financial solutions that cater specifically to the needs of entrepreneurs. These loans offer flexible terms, competitive interest rates, and varying borrowing amounts. They can be obtained from various sources, including banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs), microfinance institutions, and government-backed schemes.

Types of Small Business Loans in India

a) Business Term Loans:

Business term loans are the most common type of loan for small businesses in India. These loans provide a lump sum amount that can be used for various purposes, such as working capital, expansion, purchasing inventory, or upgrading equipment. Banks, NBFCs, and government schemes like Mudra loans offer business term loans.

b) Machinery and Equipment Loans:

Small businesses often require specialized machinery and equipment to enhance productivity. Machinery and equipment loans are specifically designed to finance such purchases. These loans offer longer repayment tenures and flexible terms, making it easier for businesses to acquire the necessary assets.

c) Working Capital Loans:

Maintaining adequate working capital is vital for the smooth operation of any small business. Working capital loans provide short-term financing to cover day-to-day operational expenses, purchase inventory, manage accounts payable, or meet unexpected financial needs. These loans can be availed from banks, NBFCs, and online lenders.

d) Government-Backed Schemes:

The Government of India has implemented several schemes to support small businesses. These schemes include the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, Stand-Up India, Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE), and many more. These schemes offer collateral-free loans and reduced interest rates to encourage entrepreneurship and foster small business growth.

Benefits of loans for small business in India:

Loans For Small Busine

a) Business Expansion and Growth:

loans for small business provide the much-needed capital for expansion, opening new branches, purchasing inventory, or upgrading technology. With the financial resources at hand, entrepreneurs can unlock new growth opportunities and take their businesses to the next level.

b) Working Capital Management:

Managing cash flow effectively is crucial for small businesses. loans for small business for working capital ensure businesses have enough liquidity to meet their short-term obligations, pay suppliers, and seize growth opportunities. This allows entrepreneurs to focus on running their operations smoothly without worrying about cash flow constraints.

c) Building Credit History:

Taking loans for small business and repaying them on time helps build a positive credit history for businesses. A strong credit profile enhances the chances of securing future loans with more favorable terms and conditions.

d) Accessible Financing Options:

With the rise of online lending platforms, small businesses now have easier access to loans for small business. Online lenders offer quick and convenient application processes, faster approvals, and flexible repayment options, catering to the needs of digitally-savvy entrepreneurs.

Eligibility Criteria for loans to small business

While the specific eligibility criteria for loans to small business and msme loan eligibility  may vary based on the lender and loan type, here are some common factors considered by lenders in India:

a) Business Vintage:

Lenders typically prefer businesses with a minimum operational history of at least two years. However, some loans for small business are also available for startups and businesses with shorter operational periods.

b) Annual Turnover:

Lenders assess the annual turnover of the business to determine its financial stability and repayment capacity. The required turnover may vary depending on the loan amount and lender’s policies.

c) Creditworthiness:

Lenders evaluate the creditworthiness of the business owner and the business itself. A good credit score and a positive credit history increase the chances of loan approval and may result in more favorable interest rates.

d) Financial Statements:

Lenders may require financial statements, such as profit and loss statements, balance sheets, and bank statements, to assess the financial health of the business.

Amount of loans for small business

You can get any amount of loan as per your business requirement:

  1. Up to Rs. 50000/- Shishu Mudra Loan
  2. Rs. 50,000/- to Rs. 5,00,000/- Kishore Mudra Loan
  3. Rs. 5,00,000/- to Rs. 10,00,000/- Tarun Mudra Loan
  4. Above Rs. 10,00,000/- Scheme name may bank specific

Rate of Interest for loans for small business

ParticularsMicro EnterpriseSmall EnterprisesMedium Enterprises
Advances Up to Rs. 50,000/-9.90%9.90%9.90%
Advances above Rs 50000/- Up to Rs 2.00 lacs10.50%10.50%10.50%
Advances above Rs 2.00 lacs upto Rs. 25.00 lacs11.00%11.00%11.00%

Repayment of loans for small business

Working capital: This is a running account and is subject to review/renewal annually.

Term Loan: The maximum period for loan repayment is generally 84 months


Working Capital Loan: 5% of Calculated working Capital on Projected turnover.

Term Loan: 5% to 25% (Depends on Project and Bank to Bank)

Security (No Collateral Security)

In today’s competitive business landscape, access to finance is crucial for the growth and sustenance of micro and small enterprises (MSMEs). However, limited collateral and credit history often pose significant challenges for these enterprises when applying for loans. To address this issue, the Government of India introduced the Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE). This article provides a comprehensive guide to understanding CGTMSE and its role in facilitating credit access for MSMEs.

Business License

For Starting any business in India you have to register your business and there is some Registration Certificate as follows:

  1. Shop and Registration Act
  2. Udyam Registration (MSME Registration)
  3. FSSAI Registration (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India)
  4. GST Registration

Classification of MSME

Types of EnterprisesNew Definitions
Micro EnterprisesNet investment in plant and machinery or equipment upto Rs. 1 crore and net turnover ≤ Rs. 5 crores
Small EnterprisesNet investment in plant and machinery or equipment ≤ Rs. 10 crores and net turnover ≤ Rs. 50 crores
Medium EnterprisesNet investment in plant and machinery or equipment ≤ Rs. 50 crores and net turnover ≤ Rs. 250 crores

Process of getting loans for small business in India

a) Determine Loan Requirements:

Identify the specific financing needs of your business. Determine the loan amount required and the purpose for which the funds will be utilized.

b) Research and Compare Lenders:

Conduct thorough research to identify reputable lenders offering small business loans in India. Compare interest rates, loan terms, repayment options, and additional charges to select the most suitable lender.

c) Prepare the Required Documents:

Gather all the necessary documents, such as business registration documents, financial statements, bank statements, income tax returns, and KYC documents of the business owner.

d) Complete the Loan Application:

Fill out the loan application form accurately and provide all the required information. Ensure that the application is complete and free from errors.

e) Submit the Application and Supporting Documents:

Submit the loan application along with the necessary supporting documents to the chosen lender. Ensure that all documents are organized and provided in the required format.

f) Await Loan Approval and Disbursement:

Once the loan application is submitted, the lender will review it and assess the eligibility. If approved, the lender will provide the loan offer, including the loan amount, interest rate, and repayment terms. After accepting the offer, the loan amount will be disbursed to your business account.

MSME loan Subsidy Schemes

Sr NoSubsidy Scheme Name
1Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)
2Chief Minister Employment Generation Programme (CMEGP)
3Prime Minister Mudra Yojana (PMMY)
4ISO 9000/ISO 14001 Certification Reimbursement Scheme
5Government Subsidy for Small Business for Cold Chain
6PM Formalisation of Micro food Processing Enterprises (PMFME) Scheme
7Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme for Technology Upgradation (CLCSS)
8Start-Up India
9Stand Up India
10Annasaheb Patil Arthik Magas Vikas Mahamandal (Maharashtra)


Loans for small business in India have become a crucial catalyst for growth and success. Whether it’s funding expansion plans, managing working capital, or acquiring essential assets, these loans empower entrepreneurs to realize their dreams. By understanding the various loan options available, meeting the eligibility criteria, and following the steps to secure financing, Indian small businesses can harness the power of loans to unlock their full potential and contribute to the country’s economic development. Remember to choose the loan type that aligns with your business needs and work with reputable lenders who offer favorable terms and conditions.

Apply online for MSME loan

Apply Online for Mudra loans

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